•The safety of all civilian aircraft using government owned military aerodromes is the sole responsibility of the Civil Aviation Authority not the Military Aviation Authority or MOD.
•The CAA is now responsible for deciding if RAF Northolt is safe for use by civil aircraft
•An assessment by the CAA is required and this may require civil aviation use of Northolt to be restricted, unless it is upgraded
•This may result in taxpayers facing a bill in excess of £20 million
•It has been admitted (by MOD and CAA) that Northolt does not comply with Civil Aviation safety standards.
•The Court ruling impacts on all civilian flights using military aerodromes, including the 12,000 civilian flights a year at RAF Northolt.
In a landmark ruling last week, the Ministry of Defence (MOD) and the Secretary of State advised that the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) is the statutory regulator required to determine safety standards for civilian aircraft using government owned military aerodromes.
Previously, as part of a policy of attracting 12,000 more business jets a year to RAF Northolt in west London, Ministers had repeatedly argued that they didn’t need to meet stricter, costlier civilian safety standards – only military ones – and that the CAA had no regulatory responsibility or powers at military aerodromes.
This meant that smaller private airports reliant on business jets were being significantly undermined, as RAF Northolt became a competitor accepting civil flights without incurring the higher costs of complying with civilian safety standards.
London Oxford and Biggin Hill Airports, represented by John Steel QC, lodged an application for a Judicial Review, arguing that the use of military aerodromes by civil aircraft should be regulated by the CAA and subject to equivalent safety standards that would apply to civilian airports, as mandated by the UK Civil Aviation Authority (UK CAA).
This Judicial Review has now clarified the position – the CAA and the Secretary of State for Transport are responsible for the safety of all civilian flights using RAF Northolt and other military aerodromes in the U.K. The safety of military flights remains the exclusive responsibility of the Military Aviation Authority and MOD.
As stated in the Judicial Review hearing, it has been suggested that the costs to the taxpayer of meeting equivalent safety standards at Northolt,(as would apply at a civilian airport) would run into tens of millions. For example, the MOD submitted evidence that suggested that measures to address a lack of adequate emergency runway run off areas to allow for potential under/over-shooting aircraft would, alone, cost in excess of £21 million at a time of defence cutbacks.
The Judgment is also likely to have a major impact on an ongoing EU competition investigation concerning State Aid, and requested by London Oxford and Biggin Hill Airports. Should the Commission find that the MOD have been unfairly competing with the private sector, the compensation bill could run into many tens of millions.
In welcoming the Judgment, Will Curtis, Managing Director of Biggin Hill Airport in SE London, said ‘Despite a serious crash in 1996 in which an aircraft overran the runway and collided with a vehicle on the A40 trunk road, action has not been taken to ensure that RAF Northolt meets accepted civil aviation safety measures – measures that civil airports such as ours are required to maintain. Lower safety standards at military aerodromes may be able to be acceptable for military aviation but are unacceptable for use by civil aviation, not only for those in the aviation industry, but also for passengers and those in the surrounding community on the ground.
This Judgment now, for the first time, clarifies that the CAA has statutory responsibility for safety in relation to use of RAF Northolt by civil aircraft. This is long overdue as the relevant legislation goes back to 1982. I am sure that they will want to quickly consider their position regarding the safety standards for civil aircraft at RAF Northolt.”
Andi Pargeter, Managing Director of London Oxford Airport said: “Today 85% of flights at RAF Northolt are civilian. They can continue to operate as a military airport accepting military flights, but if they want to continue accepting civilian flights, they may need to put in costly new safety measures. The question for the MOD now is will they use even more taxpayers’ money in order to distort the market and compete with small private businesses that support hundreds of highly skilled engineering jobs?”
Will Curtis added: “Using taxpayers’ money to compete with civil airports serving the same customers is simply not equitable. As military and government flights at RAF Northolt have declined, replacing them with 12,000 civilian flights a year means it is now effectively a civil airport via the back door, despite the Airports Commission stating that it sees no long term role for it.”
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