The government of Nigeria has signed a contract with Russia for the supply of 12 Mi-35 helicopter gunships, media reported on Wednesday, October 23. See Full Story.
Source: TheDefensePost, 29-Oct-19
The government of Nigeria has signed a contract with Russia for the supply of 12 Mi-35 helicopter gunships, media reported on Wednesday, October 23. See Full Story.
Source: TheDefensePost, 29-Oct-19
The Russian authorities are looking for ways to improve the contractual process and the real-time monitoring and control of medevac service suppliers. See Full Story.
Source: Russian Aviation INSIDER, 10-Oct-19
SKYPRO HELIKOPTERS LLC, part of the companies operating under the single SKYPRO brand, has expanded its Leonardo AW139 helicopter fleet to four aircraft. Thus, the company becomes the largest private operator of Leonardo AW139 helicopters in Russia. The new helicopter was made in Italy, has a cabin configuration of 8 seats and will soon begin… Read more »
Source: Skypro, 12-Sep-19
In the third stage of the 2019 Helicopter World Cup held in Belarus last week, the formidable Russian duo of Elena Prokofyeva and Diana Riiazova remained overall leaders in the General Class, despite having been knocked off the top spots during the actual competition. Last year’s winners, the equally impressive Russian Masters Class crew of Yury… Read more »
Source: FAI, 23-Aug-19
In order to support the existing – and upcoming – operators in Russia, Safran Helicopter Engines has signed a partnership with Citicopter, to become its official distributor in Russia and Commonwealth of Independent States for Arriel and Arrius engine families and associated services and support products. Safran powered Helicopter operated in Russia are directly supported… Read more »
Source: Safran Helicopter Engines, 22-May-19
“Russia and Belarus are strategic partners in military and technical cooperation. Since 2001, the volume of cooperation between Rosoboronexport and Belarus has exceeded $1 bln. The scope is unbelievable covering almost every line from the supply of end products and components to joint researches and defense projects,” said Rosoboronexport’s Director General Alexander Mikheev. The company’s… Read more »
Source: Rostec, 15-May-19
Russian Helicopters has announced that they plan to locally build engines for all light helicopters, rather than rely on foreign engines. They have sent the technical requirements to United Engine Corporation, for the development of Ka-226 and Ka-62 engines. They do not want to prohibit the supply of western engines, but are focusing on local… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 22-Apr-19
Rosoboronexport, a subsidiary of the Rostec State Corporation, is showcasing the best products from the Russian defense industry at the Aero India 2019 International Aerospace Exhibition, which will be held from February 20 to 24 at the Yelahanka Air Base in Bangalore, India. “Russia is implementing major and ambitious high-tech manufacturing projects with India, which… Read more »
Source: Rostec State Corporation, 20-Feb-19
Airbus Helicopters has signed a firm contract with a Russian customer for the supply of a H145 helicopter in the ACH Line configuration from Airbus Corporate Helicopters. This is the first order from Russia for the newest version of this multipurpose twin-engine helicopter. The ACH145 model in the ACH Line configuration is notable for improved ergonomics,… Read more »
Source: Airbus Helicopters, 06-Feb-19
Serbia has recently ordered 3 additional Mi-17 transport helicopters and 7 Mi-35 combat helicopters from Russia. Serbian President Aleksander Vucic has commented that he is happy with the military-technical cooperation between Serbia and Russia, reports Defence Blog.
Source: HeliHub.com, 23-Jan-19
[Electronic Translation] Customers from South-East Asia will be able to familiarize themselves with the capabilities of VK-2500PS-03 – the newest Russian turboshaft engine, created by ODK-Klimov JSC. Two engines of this type are part of the powerplant of the Mi-171A2 helicopter, which takes part in a demonstration tour of the Russian Helicopters holding company in… Read more »
Source: Klimov, 26-Nov-18
The Kamov Design Bureau has revealed images of their new high-speed helicopter that is under development. The design includes new engines, coaxial rotors and internal weapons bays. They have incorporated two fan engines that drive the main rotors, emulating the Sikorsky S-97, reports Defence Blog.
Source: HeliHub.com, 19-Nov-18
China and Russia have concluded discussions on a joint venture creating a heavy-lift helicopter and are ready to sign a general contract. China’s Avicopter will oversee most of the development and designs and Russia’s Russian Helicopters will be developing certain angles and components, reports TASS.
Source: HeliHub.com, 06-Nov-18
Russian Helicopters has joined with Rosaviatsiya to start exporting Ansat helicopters. They hope that once Rosaviatsiya validates the certifications, they will be able to start exporting in 2019. Rosaviatsiya has begun talks with Chinese authorities as well as Indian, Mexican, Columbian and Brazilian, reports TASS.
Source: HeliHub.com, 13-Sep-18
In the framework of the International Exhibition and Scientific Conference on Hydroaviation “Hydroaviasalon-2018” in Gelendzhik, an agreement was signed between PJSC “Kazan Helicopter Plant” Holding Russian Helicopters and Aviapatrul LLC on the purchase of two Ansat helicopters. It is planned that helicopters will be delivered in a universal version, and the place of their operation… Read more »
Source: Russian Helicopters, 11-Sep-18
Russian Helicopters and Avialift Vladivostok have signed a contract for the delivery of the medium-sized multipurpose Ka-32A11BC helicopter in cargo performance as part of the Gidroaviasalon-2018 international exhibition. The deputy director general of the holding “Russian Helicopters” on sales of civil helicopter equipment Dmitry Danilov and the general director of Avialift Vladivostok JSC Sergey Gutsaluk… Read more »
Source: Russian Helicopters, 10-Sep-18
The Egyptian Military has received 12 new Ka-52 Alligator attack helicopters from Russia. The agreement between Russia and Egypt were 46 new Ka-52s by 2019, reports Defence Web.
Source: HeliHub.com, 13-Aug-18
The Heliports group of companies supplied the private owner with the next Robinson R44 helicopter. This is one of the first helicopters of this type in Russia, equipped with the Garmin G500H flight navigation system and the Genesys Aerosystems HeliSAS autopilot system. Currently, the aircraft is being assembled at the aviation-technical base of the Heliport of… Read more »
Source: Vertolet, 18-Jun-18
For the first time in Russia, the new helicopter turboshaft engine Anteo family to be introduced at HeliRussia 2018. The full-scale mock-up of the new powerplant will be displayed by its developer – Safran Helicopter Engines, the world leading manufacturer of rotorcraft turbines. Aneto engine family features significant benefits: thanks to an exceptional power-to-volume ratio, it offers 25% greater… Read more »
Source: HeliRussia, 10-May-18
Russian Helicopters has completed their delivery of two Mil Mi-8AMT helicopters to Sberbank Leasing, who will pass the aircraft over to Convers Avia. Convers Avia has planned to use the helicopters for transporting Russian oil workers between shifts, reports Russian Aviation Insider.
Source: HeliHub.com, 08-Feb-18
Nepal Army (NA) has already started the groundwork for procuring two more Russian made Mi-17 V5 helicopter however, the Ukraine based company has been lobbying NA via political and business agents. At present, NA and the Government of Nepal have been discussing about the procurement of appropriate helicopter after the Ukrainian company approached with MI-8… Read more »
Source: Aviation Nepal, 08-Jan-18
The operational arm of Heliports of Russia has ordered two H130 helicopters from Airbus for 2018 delivery. The company’s short press release states that the aircraft will help “expand the list of services provided and increase the market share” of the company Jeremy Parkin – HeliHub.com
Source: HeliHub.com, 05-Jan-18
UTair is looking to receive two Mi-171A2 helicopters in 2018’s first quarter. Their first group of ground personnel and pilots have received training for the craft. It will be used mainly for passenger flights within Russia, reports Russian Aviation Insider.
Source: HeliHub.com, 12-Dec-17
Russian Helicopters has released four new Mil Mi-8MTV-1 across Russia. GTLK delivered one to the Republic of Komi and one to Nenets Autonomous District. The third helicopter was delivered by RVS Holding to Pskov Region and Omsk Civil Aviation Plant delivered the fourth helicopter to the Amur Region, reports Russian Aviation Insider.
Source: HeliHub.com, 10-Dec-17
Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) and Arab investors are considering buying more stakes in Russian Helicopters. A total of 25% of the company is on the market, for a total of $6 million, reports TASS.
Source: HeliHub.com, 29-Nov-17
Thailand has signed a contract with Russia for the delivery of two Military Mi-17V-5 helicopters. The helicopters will be used in the Royal Thai Army, reports TASS.
Source: HeliHub.com, 09-Nov-17
The Russian Navy are receiving ten Ka-27M ASW helicopters that have been upgraded, which will be added to their naval aviation. In total they will upgrade 46 helicopters. The modifications include new tactical command systems, can be fitted with various weapons including KH-35 anti-ship missiles, reports The Diplomat.
Source: HeliHub.com, 08-Nov-17
The Kyiv Prosecution heliport has now been handed over to the State. It was known as “a demonstration of the excess of the wealth of Ukraine’s ex-President Viktor Yanukovych,” reports 112 UA.
Source: HeliHub.com, 07-Nov-17
The Russian Hour – a traditional conference that represents the Russian helicopter industry on global markets – to be held this October 23, in Mexico City (Mexico). The event is organized by Russian Exhibition Systems with the support of the Helicopter Industry Association (HIA) with Russian Helicopters acting as a general sponsor. The event is… Read more »
Source: HIA, 23-Oct-17
[electronic translation] In the Pskov region opened a new Russian helicopter “ANSAT” medical module (RA-20007 tail number), which became the first helicopter ambulance new generation in the region. The machine is supplied in accordance with the program of development of air ambulance in Russia, its operator is the company ZAO “Russian Helicopter Systems.” The helicopter… Read more »
Source: PBC, 28-Sep-17
Russian Helicopter had their first export of the new Mi-28NE “Night Hunter” attack helicopter recently. This modern helicopter has onboard defence systems that are used to help protect it from “guided anti-aircraft missiles with infrared homing heads,” reports Sputnik.
Source: HeliHub.com, 26-Sep-17
Specialists from Indonesia visited JSC “150 ARZ” holding “Helicopters of Russia” (part of Rostekh State Corporation) for acceptance of two Mi-35P helicopters. The contract for the overhaul of the machines was signed in September 2016. In accordance with the terms of the contract, repairs were carried out on the basis of JSC “150 ARZ” from November… Read more »
Source: Helicopters of Russia, 11-Sep-17
The Helicopters of Russia (part of the Rostekh State Corporation) will demonstrate a wide range of military helicopters at the International Military Technical Forum “Army-2017”, which will be held at the Patriot Convention and Exhibition Center in Kubinka from August 22 to August 27. Within the framework of the exhibition, the holding will present its… Read more »
Source: Helicopters of Russia JSC, 24-Aug-17
Sole occupant pilot suffered fatal injuries when helicopter crashed into a mountain, per press reports
Russia’s SKOL Airlines has recently received a delivery of two Mil Mi-8MTV-1 medium helicopters. Based in Surgut, SKOL will be using these crafts as both a passenger and cargo helicopter. The two helicopters marked the end of a 2016 contract. They now currently have a fleet of two Mi-171s, five Mi-8Ts, four Mi-8AMTs, five Mi-26T… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 24-Jul-17
Leonardo announced today that an AW189 super medium helicopter will be operated by Aviashelf to perform transport operations from Sakhalin Island in Russia supporting the Oil&Gas industry. The aircraft will be supplied together with a support and training package with delivery expected in summer 2018. This latest result confirms the competitiveness of Leonardo’s modern solutions… Read more »
Source: Leonardo, 24-Jul-17
A new helipad was put in operation near an airport located in the Moscow regional town of Zhukovsky, Russia. “The opening of a helipad is the first step in the creation of a full-fledged area of business aviation in Zhukovsky airfield. The demand for such services is not in doubt,” the General Director of Ramport… Read more »
Source: Zhukovsky International Airport, 19-Jul-17
Uralhelicom is a Russian helicopter operator who is a certified dealer with Robinson Helicopters and also has a service centre for Airbus Helicopters. They have had seven deliveries out this year; four Robinsons, an AW119, an EC145 and a H125. One of their representatives has disclosed that the R66 and R44 are the two most… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 04-Jul-17
Rosoboronexport, a member of Rostec, signed a contract with Bangladesh’s Air Force for supply of five Mi-171Sh military transport helicopters. The signing ceremony was held in presence of the Chief of the Air Staff of the Bangladesh Air Force, Chief Air Marshal Abu Esrar. “Bangladesh is focused on upgrading the national aircraft pool. We are… Read more »
Source: Rostec, 04-Jul-17
Russian Helicopters have a section during the MAKS-2017 aerospace show to demonstrate the Mil Mi-8AMTSh Arctic helicopter. The first batch of Mi-8AMTSHs have been enlisted into service already by the Russian Defence Ministry. Russian specialists also tested the foreign produced AgustaWestland AW189 helicopter in the Arctic. The MAKS-2017 show is being held in Zhukovsky from… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 15-Jun-17
MDAeroGroup and Onboard Systems are creating a joint project to design a cargo hook for the Kazan Helicopters Ansat light twin helicopters. This announcement was made during HeliRussia 2017. The hook will be accompanied by a hydraulic load weigh and release system, reports Russian Aviation Insider. Information will be sent to the cockpit screen via… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 12-Jun-17
In 2016, Egypt signed a contract for 46 Ka-52 Alligator attack helicopters. The first sighting of the Ka-52, complete with the desert camo of the Egyptian Air Force, was seen in the progress factory in Arsenyev, Russia recently. Included in this contract was a training agreement enabling Egyptian pilots to train in Russia for the… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 11-Jun-17
Russia’s Defence Ministry is looking to purchase new Mi-38 helicopters for their Arctic operations. Russian Deputy Defence Minister, Yuri Borisov visited Kazan Helicopter Enterprise and stated how the Mil Mi-38 will be the perfect middle ground between the Mi-8 and the Mi-26. The Mi-38 has TV7-117V engines with integrated digital flight navigation systems and is… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 08-Jun-17
One of 7 POB injured in a rough landing of a Mil Mi-8 helicopter in the Far East’s Maritime Territory
The Russian Aviation Register has lowered the minimum operating temperature of the Airbus H135’s new modification EC135 T3 and EC135 P3 from -25°С to -35°С. This change has ensured that the Russian airworthiness certificate has been amended as well as matching the EASA certificate. this announcement was made at HeliRussia 2017. The H135 model is… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 26-May-17
United Engine Corporation (a part of Rostec Corporation) will present engines for aircraft and helicopters at SITDEF 2017 exhibition in Peru, as well as negotiate with partners from Latin American countries. The international defense technology exhibition SITDEF takes place on the territory of the headquarters of Ground Forces in Lima, the capital of the Republic… Read more »
Source: United Engine Corporation, 22-May-17
Five French manufacturers of components for helicopters will take part in the 10th International Helicopter Industry Exhibition HeliRussia 2017, taking place from 25 to 27 May at the Crocus Expo IEC in Moscow. Esterline, Hutchinson, Nicomatic, Permaswage and Sela will exhibit at the National Pavilion of France, organized by the Business France national agency: Trade… Read more »
Source: HeliRussia, 17-May-17
May 2 saw the formal creation of the Joint Venture between India and Russia. The deal between India’s Hindustan and Russia’s Russian Helicopters and Rosoboronexport will now enable them to manufacture Ka-226T helicopters, reports TASS.
Source: HeliHub.com, 11-May-17
[Electronic Translation] The combined holding company “Russian Electronics” creates a new generation of avionics for civil helicopters. Modern equipment will significantly reduce the dependence of producers and consumers of helicopters from foreign components and services. Within import critical elements avionics specialists Rybinsk CB “beam”, in particular, small-size helicopter created Doppler velocity meter and demolition, combined with… Read more »
Source: Ruselectronika, 10-May-17
Egypt is in the final stages of deciding on the purchase of Russian Helicopters’ Kamov Ka-52K. Andrei Boginsky, Russian Helicopters CEO has said that the result of the tender will be made clear during this month. The Ka-52K helicopter has been dubbed the Alligator as it provides fire for amphibious attacks, can carry out anti-amphibious… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 08-May-17
Unperturbed from surviving a forced landing in the Artic during his first attempt, this summer Sergey Anoanov will once again try and become the first pilot to circumnavigate the globe in a helicopter weighing less than one tonne. In October he will share his, hopefully successful, story at the Helitech International event in London. Five-time… Read more »
Source: Helitech International, 04-May-17
Crashed killing 3 onboard as the helicopter was monitoring forest fires in Bashkortostan, Russia. Reports coming in state that the pilot and 2 forestry workers were killed instantly when the R44 came down in the forest
Mexico has made plans with Rosoboronexport to order a batch of Mi-17 military helicopters. These helicopters will be used for defence and law enforcement, reports Sputnik News. This will not be their first business, as in 2012 they received an order of Mi-17V-5 helicopters for their Navy.
Source: HeliHub.com, 02-May-17
Russia hopes to replace their imported engines from Ukraine with a domestically produced version. CEO of United Engine-Making Corporation has commented that these engines are more reliable and have digital control technology. They plan to replace 130 VK-2500 engines by 2019, reports Tass.
Source: HeliHub.com, 02-May-17
President Vladimir Putin has finally given his approval for an Indo-Russian joint venture for the production of 200 Kamov military helicopters. The deal, signed in 2015 for $1 billion, is between Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Russian Helicopters and Rosoboronexport. They have yet to sign the MoU, reports Press Trust of India.
Source: HeliHub.com, 18-Apr-17
Belarus has received the last batch of six Russian Mi-8 MTV-5 helicopters. This batch was the second in a contract of 12 military helicopters. The Belarus Defence Ministry has reported that the flight and technical staff have been trained to operate the modern helicopter. The new fleet will be used in medical services, transportation and… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 11-Apr-17
A $1 billion joint venture between India and Russia was signed in 2015 and last year they had finalised the broad agreement, but are now halted waiting for the final presidential clearance. The JV between Hindustan Aeronautics and two Russian defence majors was created so that production of 200 Kamov 226T multi-role helicopters could be… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 05-Apr-17
The Deputy Chief of the Russian Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation has announced that they proposing a service centre in Sri Lanka for Russian-made helicopters. Sri Lanka has a large number of Russian-made helicopters, including 12 Mi-8/17 helicopters, 36 BMP-2 vehicles, 6 Mi-24Ps and roughly 50 BTR-80 carriers, reports Sri Lanka Guardian.
Source: HeliHub.com, 28-Mar-17
Russia’s Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade, Gleb Nikitin, met with Serbia’s Foreign Minister Ivica Dacic and Goran Knezevic, Economy Minister to discuss a prospective maintenance centre for helicopters between the two countries. They have discussed that such a centre would be in Serbia and would accommodate Russian and Soviet-made helicopters. They also discussed the… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 21-Mar-17
India has sent 30 of their Mi-17-1B multi-purpose helicopters to Russian Helicopters in Novosibirsk to be repaired. They plan to have all 30 repaired and ready to go by the middle of 2018. The helicopters will be sent over in six groups of five. A group of Indian aviation experts have gone to Novosibirsk in… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 07-Mar-17
A Russian company HELIATICA debuts at Heli-Expo industry show and unveils its new products: the universal geodetic photomapping and monitoring payload and the blind zone video system. Both solutions are designed to fit Robinson R44 and R66, Bell 206 and 407, Airbus Helicopters H120, H125, H130 and AS350 families. The geodetic mapping and monitoring payload… Read more »
Source: Heliatica, 05-Mar-17
UTair Helicopter Services, the largest helicopter operator in Russia has recently installed satellite tracking over their fleet. The new instalment was required by the United Nations, UTair’s biggest client since 1991. The trackers, made by British Rock Seven, are called RockSTAR trackers and can monitor the whereabouts of the entire fleet. This is done by… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 27-Feb-17
Rosoboronexport, Russian Helicopters and HAL have come together to form a Joint Venture in creating a light weigh multi-role Ka-226T. The agreement contract will take another two months as they still need formal registration between Russia and India. Prime Minister Narendra Modi signed the intergovernmental agreement in December of 2015, reports India Times.
Source: HeliHub.com, 15-Feb-17
Dmitry Medvedev, the Russian Prime Minister has approved the Russo-Chinese agreement for the partnership in creating an Advanced Heavy Lifter (AHL) helicopter. The agreement for preliminary cooperation between Russia’s Russian Helicopters and China’s Avicopter was signed in May, two years ago. As reported by Russian Aviation Insider, Avicopter will have responsibility over the organisation, certification… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 15-Feb-17
Russia has been approached by four Indian provinces; Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and Punjab. As reported by The Nation, Sindh will purchase three helicopters, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa will both purchase two and Punjab will buy one. A MoU has been signed between the two parties. Punjab will be able to purchase a helicopter for… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 14-Feb-17
The Russian Government has agreed to allocate 3.3 billion rubles out of the 2017 federal budget to the development of air ambulance services in 34 regions. Together with the State Transport Leasing Company (GTLK) they will help with the construction of one helipad atop a hospital in each region. They hope to achieve that goal by… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 07-Feb-17
The main Russian helicopter industry photo contest called “Beauty of rotary-wing machines” celebrates its 10-year anniversary this year. Held by the Russian Helicopter Industry Association (HIA) the competition enjoys high esteem both in Russia and abroad. About one hundred winners were awarded in the photo contest history. Photos for the contest “Beauty of rotary-wing machines… Read more »
Source: HeliRussia, 06-Feb-17
The Russian Northern Fleet has been the first to receive the new Kamov Ka-27M shipborne helicopter. They received 6 of these helicopters and their pilots are ready to practice in them. They will be used for naval aviation training as well as anti-submarine and SAR missions, reports Defence Aerospace.
Source: HeliHub.com, 13-Jan-17
The Punjab Government has decided that instead of purchasing a new helicopter, they will put money towards repairing Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif’s old helicopter. In December they had issued a payment of Rs 27.5 crore for the repair work to be done in Russia, but they faced difficulties, reports Dunya News. They then allowed a… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 09-Jan-17
The Russian Army will soon activate Mi-8AMTSh-V Special helicopter squadrons in each district so that they can send in and receive their commandos. The new units will be trained to fly in all types of weather and how to fly in terrain-following mode so that they can approach and attack the enemy unseen. Other training… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 06-Jan-17
The Russian Navy recently received their first modernised Ka-27M multipurpose helicopter from Russian Helicopters. The upgrades enable real-time transmission to ground and seaborne command stations as well as to other helicopters, reports Air Defence Blog. It will be used for anti-submarine defence, air reconnaissance and the search and detection of surface ships and submarines.
Source: HeliHub.com, 05-Jan-17
The Russian Defence Ministry has recently received their order of Mi-8AMTSh Terminator and Mi-8AMTSh VA military transport helicopters. The helicopters were modified by Russian Helicopters in agreement of the 2016 Defence Procurement Plan. The modifications equip the helicopters with turboshaft engines, upgraded avionics and a TA-14 auxiliary power plant, enabling them for use in the… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 02-Jan-17
A meeting was held between Russia and the Indonesian Ministry of Defence to discuss the acquisition of Mi-26 helicopters for the Indonesian Army. In addition, the matter of defence offsets, the benefits the purchase will provide for local companies and the arrangements of technology transfer, reports IHS Jane.
Source: HeliHub.com, 09-Dec-16
Israel is currently under questioning as to why they gave a Spanish-made helicopter drone to the Russian Prime Minister. The drone, which is used for agricultural use, costs $53, 000 and is seen as sensitive technology, which Spain prohibits the exportation of to certain countries. As reported by BBC News, the drone was fitted with… Read more »
Source: HeliHub.com, 05-Dec-16
The signing of the agreement on creation of the joint venture is part of the Russian-Indian summit, which is taking place in the Indian state of Goa today. For Russia, the agreement was signed by Russian Helicopters CEO Alexander Mikheev and the head of Rosoboronexport Anatoly Isaikin. Both Russian Helicopters and Rosoboronexport are part of… Read more »
Source: Russian Helicopters, 18-Oct-16